Electrotherapy is sometimes used to treat pain and muscle weakness caused by a variety of different conditions.

Interferential Stimulation

Interferential stimulation uses gentle medium frequency electrical currents passed through the affected tissues using conducting pads. This technique can relieve pain, reduce swelling and bruising and promote healing by increasing circulation to the injured area.

P.S.W.D. Pulsed Short Wave Diathermy

This non invasive technique uses electromagnetic energy to promote healing within the affected area. Physiotherapists may use this in a variety of conditions.

T.E.N.S. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

T.E.N.S. is a form of non-invasive pain relief often used in the treatment of chronic pain. This safe and effective technique involves the use of a battery operated device and is delivered across the skin via conduction pads. Two natural processes within the body are stimulated. The tingling sensation of the T.E.N.S. inhibits the amount of pain signals received by the brain. T.E.N.S. also increases the levels of the body’s own natural pain killing substances called endorphins. Because of the nature of the conditions in which T.E.N.S. is effective – patients have to purchase their own machine. T.E.N.S. machines are used in combination of other techniques to help patients maintain or improve their condition.


Ultrasound can be used on both chronic and acute conditions and is commonly used in the treatment of muscle, tendon and ligament injuries. High frequency sound waves are focused around the site of an injury by gently moving an ultrasonic head over the affected area. These sound waves perform a ‘micro-massage’ deep inside the injured tissues speeding up the healing process.